For service providing banks, chargebacks mean that the merchant or the business owner do not have enough money or have declared private.
There are businesses, by their nature, have higher chargebacks compared with other businesses. Reasons for higher chargeback rates can be brought about by the products themselves that these businesses are selling. High priced and high in demand, like high end electronic devices and jewelry.
Other businesses that are considered to be high risk are adult book stores, adult entertainment, adult novelties, adult video stores, advanced sales, check cashing services, child pornography, collection agencies, credit repair services, dating/escor, diet marketers/ programs, exotic dancing establishments, multi-level marketing, interned pharmacies, pornography, sexual encounters firms, telemarketing, time share, travel clubs/tours/guides and vacation packages.
As protection for these kinds of risks, processing or acquiring banks get a special account called the reserve and put some business owner’s funds there. In cases when a business owner declared bankruptcy or closes down, processing bank are unable to process future chargebacks. So what they do is set up a reserve account to that the processing bank can access the funds held in reserve to cover the chargebacks.
Another risk is called the transaction risk. Processing banks are always facing daily transaction risks whenever they are processing credit cards for the business owners. The risk is mainly around the process of transmitting sales information to the card-issuing bank for collection and reimbursement. Other transaction risks are employee errors, system breakdown of the bank or natural calamity.
Merchant accounts can also have risks in balance with their benefits. There are different ways to counter the risks, but the most effective medicine is early detection.